18. オンラインストレージサーバ構築 – Nextcloud [さくらのVPS/CentOS7]

・Nextcloud のインストール

#-- 変数に必要な値を代入
HTTPS_DOCROOT=/var/www/html/https_root

#-- 必要な phpパッケージをインストール
yum install -y php73-php-{zip,mcrypt,smbclient,imap,gmp,apcu,redis,memcached}
systemctl restart php73-php-fpm

#-- nextcloud のインストール
cd ~/work/git
git clone https://github.com/nextcloud/server.git nextcloud
cd nextcloud
VERSION=$(git tag | egrep -iv "rc|beta" | sed 's/^v//' | sort -n | tail -1)
git checkout v${VERSION}
git submodule update --init
cp -pr ~/work/git/nextcloud ${HTTPS_DOCROOT}/nextcloud
chown -R nginx. ${HTTPS_DOCROOT}/nextcloud/

#-- nextcloud の database を作成
mysql -e "create database nextcloud character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;"
#-- database の password は お好みで
mysql -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO 'ncuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'ncpassword' ;"
mysql -e "FLUSH PRIVILEGES;"

#-- nextcloud 用 nginx の設定作成
cat <<'_EOL_' > /etc/nginx/conf.d/https.d/nextcloud.conf
  # for nextcloud
  add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
  add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
  add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
  add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
  add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
  add_header Referrer-Policy no-referrer;
  fastcgi_hide_header X-Powered-By;

  location = /robots.txt {
    allow all;
    log_not_found off;
    access_log off;
  }

  location ^~ /nextcloud {

    # set max upload size
    client_max_body_size 512M;
    fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

    # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
    gzip on;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_comp_level 4;
    gzip_min_length 256;
    gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
    gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;

    # Uncomment if your server is build with the ngx_pagespeed module
    # This module is currently not supported.
    #pagespeed off;

    location /nextcloud {
      rewrite ^ /nextcloud/index.php$request_uri;
    }

    location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
      deny all;
    }
    location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
      deny all;
    }

    location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+)\.php(?:$|/) {
      fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;
      include fastcgi_params;
      fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
      fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
      fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
      #Avoid sending the security headers twice
      fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
      fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
      fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
      fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
      fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    }

    location ~ ^/nextcloud/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
      try_files $uri/ =404;
      index index.php;
    }

    # Adding the cache control header for js and css files
    # Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
    location ~ \.(?:css|js|woff2?|svg|gif)$ {
      try_files $uri /nextcloud/index.php$request_uri;
      add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=15778463";
      # Add headers to serve security related headers  (It is intended
      # to have those duplicated to the ones above)
      # Before enabling Strict-Transport-Security headers please read
      # into this topic first.
      # add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000;
      # includeSubDomains; preload;";
      add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
      add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
      add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
      add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
      add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
      add_header Referrer-Policy no-referrer;

      # Optional: Don't log access to assets
      access_log off;
    }

    location ~ \.(?:png|html|ttf|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
      try_files $uri /nextcloud/index.php$request_uri;
      # Optional: Don't log access to other assets
      access_log off;
    }
  }
_EOL_

systemctl restart nginx

管理者アカウントをWeb画面から作成できるので直ぐに作成すること
https://masdon.life/nextcloud/
mysql を使用する場合は、ストレージとデータベースをクリックして必要な項目を入力する

・ Redis を使用する設定を追加

vi /var/www/html/https_root/nextcloud/config
-- 追加する設定 ここから
  'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
  'memcache.locking' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
  'redis' => array(
     'host' => 'localhost',
     'port' => 6379,
      )
-- ここまで

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